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Reports are listed alphabetically by title. Click a letter in the Index above to jump to a description of the publication. Once there, you can either read the title by clicking on it or, in the case of larger documents, jump to a web page with links to individual chapters.

Note: Some links may take you to non-ASC web pages.

Click a report or chapter title to open a PDF*. You will need the free Adobe Reader® to open the file.

*If the file does not open when you click its title, try right-clicking and selecting "Save link as" or "Save target as".

(reports are in alphabetical order)


The Archaeological and Historical Site Inventory at Lake Oroville, Butte County: A Report for the Public (3 MB)

Teams of university archaeologists and members of local Indian tribes conducted an archaeological inventory in the more than 40,000 acres encompassing Lake Oroville in 2002 and 2003. This booklet describes the archaeological resources inventory of the Oroville Facilities area, its background and methods, and some of its results.

Archaeological and Historical Studies of the IJ56 Block, Sacramento, California: An Early Chinese Community (7.9 MB)

This report details the results of a program of archaeological excavation on the I Street half of the IJ56 block in Sacramento, California. The investigation was conducted for the Sacramento Redevelopment Agency by staff of the Anthropological Studies Center, Sonoma State University, in October 1981.

Most of the features identified on the IJ56 block are associated with a small group of Chinese merchants residing on the property during the period 1850 to 1870.

You may also download this report in two smaller files.

ij56_block_sacramento_1982_part_1 (3.7 MB)
ij56_block_sacramento_1982_par5_2 (4.3 MB)



Before Warm Springs Dam: A History of the Lake Sonoma Area

The Warm Springs Cultural Resources Study was one of the first large projects conducted under federal historic preservation laws and regulations enacted in the 1960s. From 1974 to 1984, before the filling of Lake Sonoma behind Warm Springs Dam, the area was intensively studied by a team of archaeologists, cultural anthropologists, architectural historians, ethnobotanists, historians, and Native American traditional scholars. Before Warm Springs Dam was the last of many reports produced by that team, synthesizing the material for a general audience.



Down to the Last Grain of Rice: Japantown Senior Apartments, San José Archaeological Investigations, Final Technical Report (4.3 MB)

Medicine vialsArchaeological testing and evaluation studies carried out in 2008 and 2009 identified two cultural deposits eligible to California Register of Historical Resources (CRHR) within the Japantown Senior Apartments Project site on the west side of Sixth Street in San José, close to its intersection with Taylor Street. This report presents archaeological data recovered through excavation and archival research carried out at the Project site. It provides a brief history of previous research regarding the site; summarizes the research design and methods of archaeological testing and evaluation studies; presents findings including type of deposits, locations, and a description of artifacts recovered during excavation; provides a historical overview and association for the cultural deposits based on documentary research and oral history interviews; evaluates the deposits for eligibility to the CRHR; and presents the archaeological findings.



Final Archaeological Resources Report and Data Recovery Report for the Privy 1 Collection, 355–399 Fremont Street, San Francisco, California

    Report (3.9 MB)

    Appendix D. Privy 1, Artifact Catalog (1.2 MB)

A historic-period archaeological feature, Privy 1, was discovered during archaeological construction monitoring of the 355–399 Fremont Street Project in San Francisco, California. Privy 1 contained a wide range of domestic artifacts and faunal remains. It was located at the historic-period address 343 Fremont Street where Charles and Hannah Dingley and their family lived from 1862 to 1878.

The archaeological collection contained in the feature was evaluated and found eligible to the California Register of Historical Resources. This report provides the analysis and interpretation for the Privy 1 collection.


“From Slavery to Freedom: Archaeology of an African-American Family in Sacramento, California” (60 KB PDF)
This paper was presented at 1994 Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. (see also We Were There, Too)

From Rancho to Reservoir
This link connects to the Contra Costa Water District web site. This is a liberally illustrated 180-page history of the Kellogg Creek Valley from its days of a Mexican rancho to the construction of the Los Vaqueros Reservoir in 1998. Native Americans, Basque cattle ranchers, and Portuguese farmers were among the groups that occupied this portion of southeastern Contra Costa County, California.



HARD (Historical Archaeological Research Design)

These links connect to the Caltrans web site where these and other guidance documents may be downloaded.

Mining Sites: A Historical Context and Archaeological Research Design for Mining Properties in California – Final

Town Sites: A Historical Context and Archaeological Research Design for Townsite Properties in California – Final

Work Camps: A Historical Context and Archaeological Research Design for Work Camp Properties in California – Final

HARD is the acronym for Historical Archaeological Research Design. Caltrans contracted with the Anthropological Studies Center at Sonoma State University to prepare archaeological research designs for mining sites, work camps, and town sites. Foothill Resources, JRP Historical Consultants, and PAR Environmental Services worked as sub consultants on this project. Caltrans employees joined the teams exploring each topic. We call them the “HARD teams” for Historical Archaeological Research Design teams. These three documents were submitted to Caltrans, who revised them and produced the final products.

Historical Archaeology of an Overseas Chinese Community in Sacramento, California
In late 1994 archaeologists from Sonoma State University carried out archaeological testing and data recovery on the HI56 Block in Sacramento, California. Prefield documentary research had disclosed that this was the last archaeologically surviving portion of Sacramento’s mid-19th-century Chinese district. The resulting historical and archaeological analyses revealed much information about the everyday lives of these working-class Chinese pioneers as well as how material culture was used by Chinese District Association agents to enhance their community’s relationship to Sacramento’s power brokers. (see also Uncovering Sacramento's Chinese Pioneers)

Historical Archaeology at the Golden Eagle Site
Archaeological investigations of the Golden Eagle site on the J/K/6/7 block in Sacramento, California, were undertaken by the ASC in the summer of 1979. The deposits date from 1857 to 1878 and represent several commercial enterprises, including the Golden Eagle Hotel and the Golden Eagle Oyster Saloon.




Jack London's Historic Beauty Ranch: Buildings, Landscapes, Sites (3.5 MB PDF)
This report can be downloaded as one file, see above, or as two files, see links below.

Jack London's Historic Beauty Ranch: Buildings, Landscapes, Sites – Part A (2 MB PDF)

Jack London's Historic Beauty Ranch: Buildings, Landscapes, Sites – Part B (1.6 MB PDF)

In 1987 the Anthropological Studies Center conducted a cultural resources inventory of Jack London State Historic Park in the hills above the Valley of the Moon near Glen Ellen in Sonoma County, California. In 2007, the report was revised to remove sensitive location information with reference to prehistoric sites. This document contains descriptions of the standing structures, landscape, and historic sites located within the Park. The history of each structure, feature, and site is presented along with references made to them in Jack London’s writings.
"Utility and Beauty Should be One" listed below.)


Merrie Way Concession Stands

Focused Analytical and Interpretive Studies, (1.5 MB) in Archaeological Technical Report, Merrie Way Stands Site, Sutro District, San Francisco, California.
The Merrie Way Stands Site is associated with a row of concession stands that sold food, beverages, and (presumably) souvenirs that served the Sutro Pleasure Grounds amusement park as well as visitors headed for nearby Sutro Baths and the Cliff House. The Stands were probably built in about 1896 when Merrie Way opened, and were removed or demolished by 1923. ASC’s 2008 archaeological excavations recovered large quantities of marine shell, faunal remains, ceramic tableware, glass bottles, and other artifacts associated with the Stands site. This excerpt from the 2012 Final Technical Report contains interpretive studies on topics including sanitation, trade networks, and dining.

Miner Channel

Chapter 5. Interpretive Comments, (812 KB) in Historic Archaeological Investigations of the City Center Cinemas Block Bounded by Miner Avenue and Hunter, El Dorado, and Channel Streets, Stockton, California.

ASC archaeologists tested and excavated lots on a Stockton city block in 2000. This excerpt from the 2004 Final Technical Report contains interpretive studies on two important research areas of the project: the role of waterway reclamation programs in shaping Stockton’s urban landscape, and insights into the lives of early Chinese workers in Stockton provided by the Sing Lee Laundry archaeological deposit.


Nearly Neighbors: Archaeological Investigations for the High Street Seismic Retrofit Project in Oakland, California (6.9 MB PDF)
This report can be downloaded as one file, see above, or as three files, see links below.

Part 1: Table of Contents, Summary, Chapters 1 to 4 (3.4 MB)

Part 2: Chapters 5 to 7 (3.2 MB)

Part 3: Chapter 8, References, & Appendix (1.7 MB)

This report presents the results of archaeological excavations carried out in 2008 and 2010 by the Anthropological Studies Center and Caltrans archaeologists, in connection with Caltrans’ High Street Overhead Seismic Retrofit Project, in Oakland, California.

The report analyses and interprets the content of several archaeological features with deposition dates ranging from 1893 to 1943. These materials are associated with three Euroamerican and Japanese/Japanese-American households: the Pryde family, the Stephenson, and the Orimoto family. The report includes a wealth of archaeological, artifactual, archival, and oral interview data that relate to these three addresses.

This project also generated a web page that presents the information generated from this project and report in a condensed format:
Historical Archaeology at High Street



The Potential Effects of Climate Change on Cultural Resources within Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, California (3.4 MB; Draft Public Report)

The Anthropological Studies Center of Sonoma State University has undertaken a study of the potential effects of climate change on indigenous archaeological sites at Point Reyes National Seashore. This report presents a literature review and GIS modeling that are followed by in‐field analysis of 19 sites, most of which are along the coastal or bay margins.

As a part of the Archaeological Overview and Assessment for the Point Reyes National Seashore and the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, under a cooperative agreement between Sonoma State University and the National Park Service, the ASC has produced several overviews of research issues—or general archaeological research designs—to aid in management of archaeological resources in the PRNS-GGNRA parklands.

Putting the "There" There: Historical Archaeologies of West Oakland
The I-880 Cypress Freeway Replacement, a project of the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) District 4, involved the reconstruction of a 3.1-mile section of freeway in Oakland and Emeryville, California. As part of its plan to comply with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, Caltrans contracted with the Anthropological Studies Center at Sonoma State University (ASC) to examine the area of potential effects (APE).



Recordation of Historic Properties Destroyed in the 2015 Butte Fire, Calaveras County, California (6.5 MB).

2015 Butte Fire

Lombardi FamilyIn November of 2015, Julia Costello and Judith Marvin of Foothill Resources, and Gerrit Fenenga, CAL FIRE Senior State Archaeologist, identified over two dozen archaeological sites along roads within areas burned by the recent Butte Fire. With a limited budget, they selected nine sites to be recorded prior to post-fire clean-up activities and tasked the ASC with recording the sites and completing site records, with Foothill Resources providing historical research on affected properties and logistical support. CAL FIRE archaeologists Gerrit Fenenga and Mike McGuirt joined in recording efforts, along with a number of volunteers: Linda Thorpe, Pat McGreevy, Jan Bray, and Paula and Bob Leitzell.

Fieldwork took place from the 14th to the 17th of December 2015. Documentary research and interviews by Foothill Resources were conducted from November 2015 to March 2016. Site record forms and report writing was completed by the ASC and Foothill Resources during January to March 2016.


SF-80 Bayshore Viaduct Seismic Retrofit Projects Report on Construction Monitoring, Geoarchaeology, and Technical and Interpretive Studies for Historical Archaeology
The SF-80 Bayshore Viaduct Seismic Retrofit Projects (SF-80 Bayshore Project), an undertaking of District 4 of the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans), involved the retrofit of columns and footings supporting the elevated structure of Interstate 80 on 10 city blocks in the city of San Francisco.

South of Market: Historical Archaeology of 3 San Francisco Neighborhoods
The ASC conducted archaeological excavations on six city blocks between May 2001 and January 2003 and found archaeological features on each of them. Due to the enormous quantity of data, three separate reports were planned for the investigations: this is the Interpretive Report.


Tales of the Vasco
This is an illustrated, 38-page pamphlet consisting of five narratives, each based on archaeological discoveries and historic documents uncovered as part of ASC's Los Vaqueros Reservoir study. An example of archaeological storytelling, it is written for a general audience.



Uncovering Sacramento’s Chinese Pioneers (3.8 MB PDF)
This pamphlet was written by ASC to complement an historical exhibit in the Robert T. Matsui Federal Courthouse lobby. The exhibit and booklet describe archaeological investigations at the Courthouse site that uncovered a portion of I Street’s mid-19th-century Chinese district. ASC carried out this work for the US General Services Administration. The exhibit was designed by Phil Choy, in cooperation with ASC. The booklet was designed by Rick Helf of RightSide Imaging. (for more information see Historical Archaeology of an Overseas Chinese Community in Sacramento, California)

"Utility and Beauty Should Be One:" The Landscape of Jack London’s Ranch of Good Intentions (1 MB PDF)
Jack London—popular author, avid traveler, and vocal socialist—left two legacies to the world: his writings and his Beauty Ranch. This [1989] paper examines the common principles influencing London’s self-expression in writing "Jack London’s Historic Beauty Ranch" listed above.)


Vestiges of Lands End (San Francisco, California)
This link leaves the ASC to connect to the National Park Service (NPS) web site.

Vestiges of Land’s End was conceived by the National Park Service, funded by the Golden Gate National Parks Conservancy, and created by an ASC-lead team.

The name, Lands End, is an appropriately literal and figurative designation for the westernmost edge of San Francisco. Situated on the outskirts of a bustling metropolis and at the mouth of the vast Pacific Ocean, Lands End is a uniquely remote and mysterious place that has drawn people to its shores for centuries. Lands End stretches from China Beach to Ocean Beach and includes iconic places such as the Cliff House, the Sutro Baths ruins, and Lincoln Park.

Vestiges will guide you through the history of different geographic regions of Lands End.


We Were There, Too: Archaeology of an African-American Family in Sacramento, California
Thomas Cook and his wife escaped slavery by taking the Underground Railroad to Canada prior to the Civil War. In the early 1870s, the family pursued visions of a better life to California, eventually settling in Sacramento. In 1901 the Cook family lived on the alley at 1418-1/2 J Street; Thomas Cook and one son worked as barbers; a daughter worked as a dressmaker. Ninety years later, prior to the construction of an addition to the City's Community/Convention Center, the ASC excavated a privy filled with artifacts associated with the Cooks. This monograph presents all of the historical, archaeological, artifactual, and contextual information connected with this site, which is one of the first urban African-American sites excavated in California, if not in the western states generally. (see also “from Slavery to Freedom”)