Part III

Tracing Immigrant Women and their Household Possessions in 19th-Century San Francisco (2.9 MB PDF)

Chapter 4 makes women the center of analysis to delineate women’s lives within their homes. When women are central, different aspects of life are revealed. One looks at assemblages with life cycles, family cycles, rites of passage, motherhood, sexuality, and home oriented activities (both income production and consumer behavior) in mind. Short essays cover baby shoes, washing and repairing clothes, crafts, and home butchering.

Needleworkers and Sewing Implements (1.8 MB PDF)

Chapter 5 explores the historical context and material culture of 19th-century dressmakers and tailors. Short essays cover the impact of the sewing machine, hand-stitching, sewing artifacts, and beads.

Tobacco (2.4 MB PDF)

Chapter 6 explores the context and material culture of tobacco through the decades.

Life at Home (1.9 MB PDF)

Chapter 7 tackles consumerism: What did households acquire for their sustenance and pleasure outside the marketplace—through hunting, gathering, growing, repairing, adapting? What did they recycle, reuse, or discard? What did they produce for sale and how is this mixed use reflected in their material culture? Short essays cover taxidermy, rabbits, a unique stone-lined privy, well construction, glass whimsies, tintype plates, and the recovery of remains of a Chihuahua and guinea pig.

Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status (1.6 MB PDF)

Chapter 8 reviews the literature on Jews and Irish before using statistical findings to investigate how ones’ religion, ethnicity, and/or class is or is not reflected in the archaeological record, with the goal of disentangling the influences of ethnicity from those of socioeconomic status. Short essays cover religious, educational, and gaming artifacts, contrasting dining experiences, and the Fenian Brotherhood.