Courses Research Contact Bio Home

US History Since 1865
Lecture Outlines 3& 4

& the Nadir of Race Relations

I. The Corrupt Bargain
A. President U.S. Grant & Republican Rule
B. Hayes (R), Tilden (D), & the 1876 Election

II. The Nadir of Race Relations (1880s-1920s)
A. Segregation (Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896)
B. Lynching & Opposition (Ida B. Wells)
C. Disfranchisement (Poll Tax & Literacy Test)

III. Segregation: A Test Case
A. Homer Plessy (b. New Orleans 1862)
B. Louisiana Separate Car Law (1890)
C. Arrest and Trial (1892)

IV. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
A. US Supreme Court (8-1 decision)
B. “Separate, but equal”
C . Institutionalization of Segregation
D . Brown v. Board (1954)

VI.Without Sanctuary
A. Segregation & Lynching Images

VII. Booker T. Washington
A. Born: 1856 Virginia
B. Education: Hampton Institute (1872-1875)
C. Career: Tuskegee Institute (1881-1915)
D. The Atlanta Compromise (1895)

VIII. W.E.B. Du Bois & the NAACP
A. Born: 1868 Massachusetts
B. Education: Fisk (1888), Harvard (1895)
C. Talented Tenth; Souls of Black Folk (1903)
D. NAACP (1909-present)

Native America:
How the West Was Lost

I. Spurs to Western Migration
A. Gold & “New Mexico” (1848)
B. Land & the Homestead Act (1862)
C. Railroads
D. Manifest Destiny

II. Removal & Reservations
A. Cherokees & the Indian Removal Act (1830)
B. Medicine Lodge Treaty (1867)
C. Where the Buffalo Roamed

III. War Paint
A. Cheyenne & Sioux (1865-67)
B. Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)
C. Custer & Little Bighorn (1876)
D. War Paintings (I)
E. War Paintings (II)

IV. “Kill the Indian . . . Save the Man”
A. Helen Hunt Jackson & “Liberal” Reform
B. Dawes Severalty Act (1887)
C. Native America Land Map

V . Ghost Dance (1888)
A. Paiute Prophet (Wovoka)
B. Rejuvenation of the Land
C. Sioux (Kicking Bear)

VI. Wounded Knee Massacre (1890)
A. Lakota Sioux Surrender (Sitting Bull/Big Foot)
B. Seventh Cavalry Surrounds Sioux Camp
C. Army Demands Sioux Disarm
D. Accidental Shot?
E. The Massacre

VII. Why Wounded Knee?
A. Community Allies
B. Business Interests
C. Military (Colonel James W. Forsythe)
D. Media