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US History Since 1865
Lecture Outlines 7 & 8

Gilded Age Rebels:
Trade Unionists, Socialists & Populists

I. Labor in an Industrial Age
A. Powderly & Knights of Labor (1869)
B. Samuel Gompers & the AFL (1886)
C. Southern Labor & Anti-Unionism

II. Strike!
A. Great Uprising of 1877
B. Carnegie’s Compassion? (1892)
C. Eugene Debs & the Pullman Strike (1894)

III. Mother Jones: An Activist Life
A. Born Mary Harris—Cork, Ireland (1830s)
B. Chicago Fire; Joins Knights of Labor (1871)
C. United Mine Workers Organizer (1877)
D. Social Activism (1900-1930)
E. West Virginia Miners’ Strike (1923)

IV. “Mother” of the Downtrodden
A. Battled corporate presidents and politicians
B. Advocated Labor Reforms (8 hour day)
C. Jailed Repeatedly for Labor Organizing
D. Fought for Women and Minority Rights

V. Mother Jones Legacies
A. American Tradition of Protest
B. Child Labor Reform
C. Mother Jones Magazine
E . Significance: Workers’ Voice Against Corporate & Political Bosses

VI. Farmers Join the Fight
A. Patrons of Husbandry (Grangers, 1867)
B. Farmers’ Alliance (1889)
C. The Populists & Free Silver
D. Bryan, McKinley & the Election of 1896

The Progressive Era:
Urbanization, Immigration & Reform

I. Urbanization
A. By the Numbers
B. Tenements & Skyscrapers
C. Streetcars, Subways & Suburbs
D. Sanitation?

II. Immigration
A. Push & Pull Factors
B. Ethnic Enclaves
C. Women Work
D. Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, (1911)

III. Progressive Reform
A. Major Themes
B. Jane Addams & Hull House (1889)
C. Muckraking with McClure’s (1893)

IV. Jane Addams Becomes a Reformer
A. Born 1860 Cedarville, Illinois
B. European tour with Ellen Starr (1883-1885)
C. Hull House (1889)

V. Addams as Political Activist
A. Child Labor Activism (1893-1916)
B. Strike Support (Pullman) C. NAACP Support
D. Progressive Party member (1912)
E. President WILPF (1919-1929)
F. Nobel Peace Prize (1931)
Significance: Spokesperson and activist,
addressing problems off the
urban poor.

VI. Progressive Politics (State & Local)
A. City Commissioners & Managers
B. Oregon Referenda & Initiatives
C. Hiram Johnson & CA Progressives (1910)
D. Southern Progress?

VII. Roosevelt: Republican Reformer
A. TR’s “Bully Pulpit”
B. Trust Busting or Regulation?
C. FDA & Meat Inspection Act (1906)
D. Gifford Pinchot & John Muir

VIII. The Progressive Parties (1912)
A. Taft & Taxes
B. Roosevelt’s “New Nationalism”
C. Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom”
D. Debs’ Socialist Strategy