Geography 370: CLIMATOLOGY





(Due Monday, Feb. 23)

This is an opportunity for you to Surf the Web and still claim you're studying! Using the web resources we talked about in class, explore some of the climate-related web pages that are linked to the Geog 370 Climatology links page, or look for others through a search engine. The route you take is not important in this exercise. You can also save paper by simply reading this exercise from the class web page and following its instructions, without printing it out. Of course, if you'd really like to have a hard copy, you can print it from this web page.

Before you begin, I recommend that you check out the Research Guides on the Assistance page on the Schultz Information Center web site. Be sure to think carefully about Evaluating Web Resources.

The Goal of Exercise 1 is to find ten web pages on a climatological topic that is interesting to you, then create an annotated bibliography of these pages. It is best to pick a single topic or theme to explore. In fact, this would be a good time to begin thinking about what you would like to study for your term research project. Pages can include downloaded image files (e.g. satellite images). Each bibliographic entry should include the following:

1. Citation of the Web Page, using proper reference form (see Paper Guidelines and citation style on the Geography Department web site. The Department of Geography and Global Studies requires the Chicago/Turabian style for references and citations.

2. Description of sources/information available on this page. Also review links to other pages.

3. Your opinion of this page. This part can include, but is not limited to the following:

a. How might this information be useful to you?

b. How reliable is this information? On what basis are you making this judgment? (Who is the author, what is the bias, if any, was it peer-reviewed, etc.)

c. In what way does this page contribute to your study of climatology?

d. Do you think this is the most efficient method of accessing this type of information? Why or why not? What alternatives would you suggest?


Significant climatic anomalies over past several years, 1998-2008
Extreme weather events (globally) over the past decade
Current status of science of global warming -- how warm is it? Evidence?
Anthropogenic Greenhouse effect, current status, go beyond IPCC
Ozone depletion, Antarctic ozone hole, 1995-2008, Arctic ozone hole?
The Montreal Protocol
Sea surface temperature anomalies, 1995-2008, effects?
El Niño and La Niña, effects worldwide
North Atlantic Deep Water (ocean conveyor) slowing? significance?
Sea ice thinning in Arctic, ice sheet calving in Antarctic, significance?
Climate Modeling -- projections for future? margin of error? parameters?
Kyoto Protocol, current status?
Paleoclimate (Paleoclimate Reconstruction)
Proxy Indicators (of past climate)

Pollen (Palynology)
Paleolakes (Pluvial Lakes)
Tree Rings (Dendrochronology)
Packrat middens
Ice cores
Ocean cores
Glacial landforms

Milankovich Orbital Parameters
Laurentide Ice Sheet, Cordilleran Ice Sheet
Megafauna (extinction, mammoths,etc.)
Missoula floods (catastrophic floods in Washington, Idaho)
Lake Bonneville (where Great Salt Lake is now)
Last Glacial Maximum (LGM)
Eemian (Sangamon -- Penultimate Interglacial)
Wisconsinan (glaciation)
Younger Dryas Event, hemispheric or global?
Little Ice Age
Little Climatic Optimum

Page last updated 2/9/09