1. Management of ATM Virtual Circuits with Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP, United States Patent 6,021,263 issued on 2000-02-01, and US/16.02.96/ US 602428, allows a service provider to support certain customer needs based on network-based services., also Canadian Patent Number 2,196,006, March 20, 2001.
  2. Automatic Router Configuration Based on Real-Time Traffic Measurements and Service Level Agreement (SLA), United States Patent 7,145,871 issued on, 12/5/2006, and US/02.03.02/USA 90138, allows automatic configuration of network elements based on real-time traffic measurements and SLA.
  3. End-to-End Prioritized Data Delivery on Networks Using IP over Frame Relay, United States Patent number 6,993,043 issued on 2006-01-31, allows a Frame Relay service provider and an enterprise network manager to provide end-to-end QOS for critical applications. Also see United States Patent number 7,760,759, issued on 2010-07-20., and European Patent # 071093249-1244, July 24, 2007.
  4. Integration of Gateway Functions in Access Systems, filed on 05/09/2002, (Priority US/02.11.01/USA 52846) European Patent Office Patent no. 02019946.9 on 29/10/2002, integrates the access Media Gateway (MG) functions in a DLC Central Office/Remote Terminal for Class 5 replacement in Next Generation Network.
  5. "Method of establishing a redundant mesh network using minimum number of links," US/12.05.98/USA 76444, provides network redundancy with minimum link costs in an ATM network against failures, in progress. The URL listing a table for the above & references is:-


  • IEEE Life Senior Member, 2008.
  • IEEE Millennium Award for contributions to IEEE, 2000.
  • IEEE Section awards for contributions to IEEE for 1996, 7, 8, 9, and 2000.
  • AT&T Standards Recognition Award, one of the ten award recipients at AT&T, 1997.
  • Fellowship Award, University of Pennsylvania.
  • IBM Service Award, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1969.
  • Full Scholarship from US for the undergraduate work at the American University of Beirut.
  • AUB Honor List during the undergraduate study at the American University of Beirut.


  • Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, August 1974.
  • M.S. in Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, December 1971.
  • B.S. in Electrical Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon, June 1966.


  • 2003-present - Adjunct Professor at the Sonoma State University, Engineering Sciences Dept., Rohnert Park, CA, teaching
    • Graduate courses: Data Communications + lab, Network Architecture and Protocols + lab, and Linear Systems Theory covering the technologies for the physical layer, wireless, Ethernet/IEEE802.3, switching and routing algorithms, IPv4/v6, TCP/UDP, DNS, FTP, SNMP, SNMP, web/HTTP, and security.
    • Undergraduate courses Communication in Digital Age, Digital Circuit & Logic Design, Introduction to Electronics, Linear Systems Theory, and Introduction to Engineering.
  • 2008-present - Metroserv Communications, CA
    • Network Assessment - Studied the network architecture, operation, and security of the California State Treasurers Office (STO) to assess the network environment of the department to propose a target network for STO.
    • Target Network Architecture - Proposed a framework, the technical requirements, the roadmap, estimated costs, the implementaion plan, and a proposal for network management and IT staff training for STO to develop an efficient end-to-end architecture for a target network for the department. The purpose was to make the network operation more reliable and secure, reduce the downtime and maintenance costs, and improve the ability of the STO to manage network and application assets transparently.
  • 2006-2008 - Consultant with Detecon in U.S.A. for T-Com/Deutsche Telecom (DT). Developed comprehensive documents and an extensive set of slides on the following topics:
    • Toward a Unified DT IdM/AAA Strategy - Developed the strategy for Identity Management and Authentication, Authorization, & Accounting for Deutsche Telecom national and international single-sign-on e-commerce and online services, and also provided a set of recommendations and plan of work.
    • Improving Access Networks for IPTV - Addressed the state of broadband access, provisioning concepts, and deployment of Ethernet and passive optical network and in-house cabling used in USA. Increasing the Reach of VDSL2 Addressed the state of dynamic spectrum management, VDSL2 DSLAMS, VDSL2 planning principles for in-house cabling in USA.
    • SIP & IMS Fundamentals for Cingular Wireless Developed a training slide set on the Session Initiation Protocol - IP Multimedia Subsystem targeted for Cingular in USA. SIP is the future multimedia over IP signaling protocol, and IMS will be the future open service development architecture for any fixed or wireless networks, IP-based, secure public Internet or managed enterprise LANs. IMS integrates a variety of network services and architectures.
  • 2000-2003, Lead Systems Architect, Alcatel USA, Petaluma, CA - Did systems engineering and forward looking work in the following areas:
    • Lead a group to do the market research & feasibility study for the Alcatel access product (Litespan) to provide VOIP, and developed a comprehensive report. Compared the available chips for VOIP and designed a gateway card for Litespan. Analyzed the scalability issues for Litespan to replace the local PSTN switch.
    • Developed the architecture for IPTV (broadcast and video on demand).
    • Did the feasibility study for BPONs and GPON for their implementation in Litespan.
    • Did the reliability model and calculated the reliability for major components and Litespan.
    • Presented Litespan with VOIP capability for Class 5 replacement with the VOIP-capable-Litespans together with a softswitch and discussed the scalability issues to the customer (SBC).
    • Wrote the responses to the RFIs and RFPs for service-provider clients.
    • Developed/presented many technical presentations/tutorials on the BPON, GPON, VOIP, GFP technologies.
    • Developed/presented many technical presentations/tutorials on Generic Frame Procedure (GFP), Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme (LCAS), and Virtual Concatenation (VC) technologies.
  • 1984-2000, Distinguished Member of Technical Staff / Principal Technical Staff Member, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, NJ - Did forward looking work and analysis on the following projects and lead the teams for the AT&T network implementations:
    • Developed the prototype enterprise network to provide IP QOS for real-time applications against bursty non-critical data, independent of the underlying link technology using packet labeling, differentiation/prioritization techniques, and reservation request protocol.
    • Developed the prototype for Enterprise Frame Relay Network QOS Management to guarantee the response time of critical applications at network access links. This project needed performance analysis and bandwidth measurements.
    • Used of router queuing and bandwidth manager to provide QOS for Internet packets transport network.
    • Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and Traffic Engineering.
    • Use of Request Reservation Protocol to control QOS for Multimedia Conferencing applications. AT&T Principal Representative to the ATM Forum for ATM/Broadband ISDN Standardization. Developed ten technical short courses on different areas of Data Networking and taught the courses to the AT&T software and hardware developers, systems engineers, data network designers, account executives.
  • 1993-2000 - Adjunct Professor at Stevens Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Hoboken, NJ, taught Information Networks I & II graduate courses.


  • Associate Professor, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, taught Microprocessors + lab and Logic Design and Digital Electronics + lab undergraduate courses.
  • Associate Professor (with tenure), Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran, taught the undergraduate courses including Electronics Systems and Devices + lab, Logic Design and Digital Electronics + lab and Switching Theory.
  • Invited scholar, Institute fur Physikalische Elektronik, Universitat Stuttgart, West Germany (Summer 1976), research on Coded apertures for 3-dimentional imaging and computed tomography for medical diagnostics. German DAAD organization funded the project.
  • IBM Field Engineer (before graduate studies), maintained and troubleshooting the IBM Main Frame System 360 Models 2065 and 2030 and all their many I/O devices. Received the IBM Service Award for my outstanding work.


  • AT&T Principal Representative to the ATM Forum, an international standards body, 1995-2000.
  • AT&T Delegation Manager of the ATM/BISDN Strategy Group at AT&T Bell Labs, 1995-2000.
  • Chaired the Computer Communications Societies Joint Chapter of the NJ Coast Section (1995-2000).
  • Designed the Data Communication curriculum for the Singapore Telecommunications Institute, 1987-90, that trained the computer and electrical engineers in Singapore. AT&T Bell Laboratories owned the project and the graduates were trained to bring up the datacom/telecom software industries that started in Singapore then.
  • Was one of the 3 board members of the Shiraz Technical School, 1974-78. This organization operated under the School of Engineering of Shiraz University, Iran, and trained the electronic and computer technicians for the industrial and military organizations in Iran. The organization worked hand-in-hand with the industry to let the students get hands-on experience and make sure that the students get the proper training/education.
  • Developed and headed the Electronic Center of Shiraz University, 1980-83, to maintain and partly design the electronic and electrical equipment of the Shiraz University departments and its five hospitals in Shiraz, Iran.
  • Designed and operated several laboratories in the areas of analog and digital electronics, microprocessors, 1974-78.


  • Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Life Senior Member (since January 2008).

    Note - Proprietary technical papers written at Alcatel and AT&T Bell Labs are not included.

    1. VoIP - Implementing the New Phone System, Depts., of EE & COEN, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA, March 2, 2006.
    2. VoIP - Implementing the New Phone System, IEEE SF ComSoc Chapter, San Francisco, CA, Feb 21, 2006.
    3. "Voice over IP An Overview", Dept. of Math & CS, Cal State, East Bay, January 16, 2006.
    4. "Voice Over IP (VOIP) An Overview", ECE Dept., Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, September, 12, 2005.
    5. Gigabit-capable Passive Optical Networks (GPON) - Overview, a half-day presentation to the R&D Group, Alcatel USA, Petaluma, CA, June 24, 2003.
    6. Video Services over DSL, a half-day presentation to the R&D Group, Alcatel USA, Petaluma, CA, February 13, 2003.
    7. Enterprise - Frame Relay Network Quality of Service (QOS) Management, an invited technical talk presented to the AT&T Global Network Services Organization, January 24, 2000, Harrison, NY.
    8. IP QOS - Related to AT&T Network Services, a half a day invited talk presented to the AT&T Network and Computing Services Organization, October 7, 1999, Middletown, NJ.
    9. IP QOS - An Overview, a half-day invited tutorial presented at the IEEE Symposium on Computer and Communications '99 Conference (ISCC '99), July 5-8, 1999, Red Sea Egypt.
    10. Technologies and QOS Techniques for the Internet Protocol, a 1-day invited tutorial presented at the 7th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering (ICEE99), Iran Telecom Research Center & Tehran University, Tehran, Iran, May 16-19, 1999.
    11. Trends in Internet Protocol Data Networking, an invited talk presented at the 7th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering (ICEE99), Iran Telecom Research Center & Tehran University, Tehran, Iran, May 16-19, 1999.
    12. Multiprotocol over ATM Scenarios for an Enterprise Network, presented at CCC98 (Conference on Computer Communications), The City University of New York, Sept. 19, 1998.
    13. IP over ATM with QOS, a half a day invited tutorial presented at the IEEE Symposium on Computer and Communications'98 Conference, June 29, 1998, Athens, Greece.
    14. Scenarios for control and data flows in Multi-protocol over ATM, an invited paper, presented at the Broadband Networking Technologies program of the Voice, Video, and Data Communications, Conference, sponsored by SPIE, November 2-5, 1997, Dallas, TX.
    15. IP over ATM, a 1-day invited tutorial presented to the Korean Telecom engineers on October 19, 1997.
    16. IP over ATM, a half-day invited tutorial presented at the IEEE Symposium on Computer and Communications'97 Conference, June 28, 1997, Alexandria, Egypt.
    17. A Review on OSI Connection- and Connectionless-mode, Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Communication Systems' 90, Singapore, November 5-9, 1990.
    18. A Review of OSI - The New Data Communication Architecture, Proceeding of the International Conference on Control and Modeling, Tehran, Iran, July 17-20, 1990.
    19. Digital Electronics and Its Applications, book published by University of Tehran Press (in Persian), 1990.
    20. Real-time range and elevation finder, Proc. IEEE, Vol. 72, No.12, Dec. 1984, pp 1821-22.
    21. Imaging with rotating slit aperture, Medical Physics, 9 (3), May/June 1982, pp 324-339.
    22. Computed tomographic analysis of renal function in rats with myoglobinuric acute renal failure, Nephron 28, 1981, pp 255-257.
    23. Coded-aperture imaging of Gamma-ray sources with an off-axis rotating slit, Applied Optics, Dec. 15, 1980, pp 4186-4195.
    24. Film-recorded CT analysis of contrast excretion in rats with myoglobinuric acute renal failure, presented at the 28th Annual of Association of University Radiologist, Tucson, AZ, March 25-28, 1980.
    25. High resolution computed tomography of the normal rat nephrogram, Investigative Radiology, March 1980, pp 148-154.
    26. Film recorded magnification CAT assessment of nephrogram in normal rats, presented at the 27th Annual meeting of Association of University Radiologists, Rochester, NY, May 6-10, 1979.
    27. Imaging of buried objects using microwave holograph, a technical presentation to the EE Dept., University of Sydney, Australia, April, 1981.
    28. Format generation for double circular scanners used in long-wave holography, Journal of Acoustical Holography, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1979, pp 133-142.
    29. Microwave holographic subtraction for imaging of buried objects, Proc. IEEE, Vol. 66, No. 1, Jan. 1978, pp. 94-96.
    30. Electronic wavefront subtraction in long-wave holography, Proc. IEEE, Aug. 1975, pp 1258-60.
    31. Proceeding of the Fifth Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, Oct. 27-30, 1975, Shiraz, Iran, on Editorial Board.
    32. Microwave holography employing circularly-scanned synthetic aperture, Ph.D. Dissertation., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, Aug. 1974.
    33. Focus-assist device for a flying-spot microscope, IEEE Trans. on Biomedical Engineering, Vol. BME-20, No. 2, March 1973, pp 120-132.
    34. A focus-assist device for image analysis, presented at Engineering in Medicine-Automatic Cytology, VT, August 6-11, 1972.
    35. Engineering in Medicine-Automatic Cytology, Vermont Academy, Saxtons Rivers, VT, August 6-11, 1972.
    36. Video display and focus-assist device of CYDAC, a flying-spot scanning microscope, M.S. Thesis, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, Dec. 1971.


    The following contributions were presented to the MPOA (Multi-Protocol over ATM) Working Group at the ATM Forum and were accepted:

    1. ATMF96-1263 (based on my earlier contribution ATMF96-0977) - tilted MPOA System Architecture Diagrams proposes the diagrams for architecture and control/data interactions between components of MPOA v1.
    2. ATMF96-1264 (based on my earlier contribution ATMF96-0711) - tilted Scenarios for Control/Data Flows in MPOA presents the data flow scenarios between pairs of End Systems using an example network configuration.
    3. ATMF98-0299 - titled QOS Extensions to MPOA introduces IP QOS support to the MPOA implementation guide, i.e., mapping between IP QOS parameters and ATM QOS parameters for QOS-based Internet integrated services.
    4. ATMF98-0329 - titled Baseline Proposal of MPOAv1 Addendum for Frame Relay Links extends MPOA capabilities to provide shortcuts between Frame Relay access nodes.
    5. ATMF98-0366 - titled QOS guaranteed Virtual Private Network (VPN) support by MPOA for Frame Relay proposes to add VPN and QOS extensions to the MPOA for Frame Relay Links.
    6. ATMF98-0474 - titled Use of UNI B-HLI IE for Associating MPOA Shortcut VC with VPN ID uses shortcuts for VPNs.
    7. ATMF98-0633 - titled Use of Interface ID encapsulation for Multiplexing FR connections on Frame Relay/ATM PVC Service Interworking model helps IP/FR and IP/ATM interworking.
    8. ATMF98-0634 - titled Use of VPN ID encapsulation for Identifying and Multiplexing VPN's packets allows multiplexing VPNs packets over an IP public Network.
    9. ATMF98-0854 - titled MPOA Enhancements for Supporting IP Differentiated Services introduces DiffServ for MPOA QOS support.