Chapter 8: Mathematics

Study Guide Contents

Notes and Concepts



Chapter 8 examines the study of mathematics with students who have learning and behavior problems. Topics include measurement, time, verbal math problem solving, and computational skill development. Consideration is also given to the revised National Council for Teaching Mathematics standards and an interpretation for students with disabilities (how do we figure out what standards are essential understanding vs. things that are good to know when we are working with students who have learning challenges).

Some Informal Assessment Ideas Suggested in This Chapter:

Factors that influence math ability: perceptual skills, perseveration, language, reasoning, memory, symbolism

NCTM Standards and specific skills for "curriculum based measurement" tasks

Monitoring charts

Error Analysis

Observations of "functional math" skills


Look for the following key concepts/ideas as you read:

  • Factors Influencing Math Ability

  • Curriculum-Based Measurement

  • Prenumber Skills

  • Numeration and Place Value

  • Computation

  • Fractions

  • Measurement

  • Problem Solving

  • Approaches to Increasing Math Performance

  • Focus on Real World Mathematics


Go to Part 2- Summary of Ideas

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Part 2: Study Questions



Read Chapter 8. Use the following questions to guide your reading and find meaning in this chapter:

  • List the factors that influence mathematics ability in all people.

  • Identify characteristics of students with learning disabilities that frequently interfere with the mastery of mathematics.

  • Describe teaching perspectives to consider when planning mathematics instruction for students with learning disabilities and for those with emotional and/or behavior problems.

  • Describe teaching and understanding of the prenumber skills, numeration, and place value.

  • Explain how to teach the basic facts--addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.

  • Discuss why calculators are a "must" for students with learning disabilities.

  • Explain why overlearning fractions and measurements at the concrete stage is critical to students’ mastery of these skills.

  • Describe how to help students with learning disabilities overcome difficulties with traditional written story problems.

  • Summarize cognitive and operant approaches to increasing math performance.

  • Summarize the importance of teaching students with learning and behavior problems mathematics skills necessary to operate in the "real world."

  • Outline curriculum and materials that focus on the needs of students with learning disabilities.

When you finish studying this chapter, please go to the class interactive pages and take the self test for Chapter 8.


Go to Part 3- World Wide Web Resources

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World Wide Web Resources



Examine the following World Wide Web links and consider their perspectives based on information from Chapter 8.

SCORE Math Site
The Schools of California Online Resources in Education (also known as SCORE) helps teachers plan and deliver K-12 learning activities. Sponsored by the California Technology Assistance Project, the California Department of Education, and the California County Superintendents Educational Services Association the SCORE sites aim to: support the California content standards and curriculum frameworks, offer links to quality Internet resources, and share teacher-developed lessons.

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
Features wonderful ideas for teaching, learning, and enjoying mathematics. This site includes a collection of activities, games, and problems for teachers and students to print out for their math class. The math activities are geared for elementary and middle school students and teachers. Classroom activities focus on creative problem solving, hands-on thinking, math manipulatives, and cooperative learning. All activities are tied into the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics.

Interactive and fun lessons, games, exercises, printable worksheets, challenging problems and more.

Illuminations - Principles and Standards for School Mathematics
Created by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Illuminations is designed to "illuminate" the updated NCTM Principles and Standards for School Mathematics through multimedia mathematics investigations, reflections on teaching, links to the best panel-reviewed mathematics web resources and Internet-based lesson plans.

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