Executive Council | Members & Departments | Mission | Constitution
Resolution on Foreign Language Study in the CSU
Resolution for Parity Across the Campuses for Language Course Hours
Resolution on the Diversity of Language Offerings
Statement on Class Size | Job Announcements
Useful Resources | ADA Resources
Future Meetings
| Conferences of Interest

as of Fall 2016


Sandra Perez-Linggi


Vice President

Bernice Bass de Martínez



Suzanne Toczyski


Northern Representative

Rob Manheimer

Maritime Academy

Southern Representative

Ivonne Heinze-Balcazar

Dominguez Hills

CLTA Representative Yoshiko Saito-Abbott Monterey Bay

Past Presidents

Brian Castronovo
Edith Benkov

San Diego

Ex-officio Leo Van Cleve Chancellor's Office


CSU WLC Members
& Department Websites

CSU Bakersfield ~ Dustin Knepp (chair),

CSU Channel Islands ~ Margarita López López & Javier González,,

CSU Chico ~ Patricia Black (chair) & Antonio Arreguin Bermudez,

CSU Dominguez Hills ~ Ivonne Heinze-Balcazar (chair) & Michael Galant,,, and

CSU East Bay ~ Monique Manopoulos (chair) & Marcelo Paz,

CSU Fresno ~ Kristi Eastin & Rosemarie Kuhn,

CSU Fullerton ~ James Hussar (chair), Satoko Kakihara & Sandra Pérez-Linggi,

Humboldt State University ~ Rosamel Benavides & Anna Montoya,

CSU Long Beach ~ Markus Muller (chair) & Kiyomi Chinen,

CSU Los Angeles ~ SashikoMatsunaga (chair) & Gretchen Angelo

Maritime Academy ~ Robert Manheimer,

CSU Monterey Bay ~ Yoshiko Saito-Abbott (chair) and Donaldo Urioste,

CSU Northridge ~ Brian Castronovo (chair) & Adrian Perez-Boluda,

Cal Poly Pomona ~ Isabel Bustamante-Lopez (chair) & Amalia Llombart,

CSU Sacramento ~ Curtis Smith (chair) & Maria Mayberry,

CSU San Bernardino ~ Tom Davis (chair) & Elizabeth Martin,

San Diego State University ~ Anne Donadey (European Studies) & Alda Blanco (Spanish), (European Studies), (Linguistics) and (Spanish). Also: LARC, (Director Mary Ann Lyman-Hager) + past president, Edith Benkov

San Francisco State University ~ Mohammed Salama (chair) & Chris Concolino,

San Jose State ~ Damian Bacich (chair) & Cheyla Samuelson,

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo ~ John Thompson (interim chair) & Fernando Fabio Sanchez,

CSU San Marcos ~ Michael Hughes (chair) & Marion Geiger,

Sonoma State University ~ Christine Renaudin (chair) & Jeffrey Reeder, (note: Suzanne Toczyski, Sonoma, is FLC Secretary-Treasurer, non-voting).

CSU Stanislaus ~ Jason Winfree (chair) & Teresa Bargetto,




  • To provide vision and leadership for the teaching of languages other than English and their literatures and cultures
  • To promote quality in the teaching of languages other than English and their literatures and cultures
  • To support the diversity of language programs across the CSU
  • To encourage research and scholarship in language, literature and culture
  • To share expertise among the CSU community
  • To promote collaborative endeavors within the CSU community and beyond
  • To promote internationalization of the curriculum




Article I: Name
The name of this organization shall be "The World Languages Council of the California State University."

Article II: Purpose
The purpose of this organization is to encourage the advancement and effective teaching of World Languages in the CSU and the State of California.

Article III: Nature of Organization
The World Languages Council is an independent professional organization of professors of world languages in the CSU. To insure participation in world languages matters in California and the nation, the Council is affiliated with the California Language Teachers Association (CLTA) and the Association of Departments of Foreign Languages (ADFL).

Article IV: Voting Membership
1. Voting membership on the World Languages Council shall be made up of no more than two (2) full-time faculty members from each campus, one of whom shall be a Department Chair or Coordinator or his/her designated replacement. If a representative cannot attend a meeting, the campus may send an alternate.
2. Membership of the second departmental representative to the Council shall be for two (2) academic years.
3. On campuses where languages are taught in only one department all Council representatives shall be elected from that department.
4. On campuses where languages are taught in more than one department, the departments involved, through consultation, shall decide how the two campus representatives are to be distributed among the departments.

Article V: Officers of the World Languages Council
1. The officers of the World Languages Council shall be:
Representative-at-large (North)
Representative-at-large (South)
2. The officers shall be elected by the membership of the Council. The President and Vice-President shall be elected in odd-numbered years and the two Representatives-at-large in even-numbered years. The term of office shall be three (3) years for the Secretary/Treasurer and two (2) for all other officers. The term of office for each officer shall normally begin with the close of the spring meeting. In the event of special elections to fill vacated offices, the officer shall assume his/her duties immediately upon election. At least one of the Representatives-at-large shall be faculty member from a language other than French, German, and Spanish.
3. Nominations will be solicited at the fall meeting. An announcement will be made via mail before the meeting when voting will occur.
4. If no nominations are received in the fall, officers may be nominated and elected from the floor at the spring meeting.
5. The President shall preside over all meetings of the Council and Executive Committee, and direct the affairs of the organization.
6. The Vice-President shall carry out duties assigned to him/her by the President, and shall preside in the absence of the President.
7. The Secretary/Treasurer shall keep accurate records of the membership and proceedings of the organization, and shall have custody of these records. The Secretary/Treasurer shall be responsible for the receipt and disbursement of all Council funds, shall keep an accurate record of these funds, and shall prepare an annual financial report. The fiscal year shall be the academic year.
8. The Representatives-at large shall serve as a liaison between the Executive Committee and campuses, and shall facilitate the planning of the agenda for Council meetings.
9. In the event of a vacancy in the office of President, the Vice-President shall assume that office through the current academic year. Any other vacancy among the officers shall be filled by appointment by the Executive Committee until the next regular election.

Article VI: Recall of Officers
1. If an officer does not carry out his/her duties, and by such neglect places the work of the Council in jeopardy, he/she shall be notified by the Executive Committee about the initiation of the recall process.
2. At least 25% of the voting membership shall be required to initiate the recall process. A signed written petition shall be sent to the Executive Committee.
3. Two-thirds (2/3) of the total membership of the Council shall be required to vote in favor of the removal of an officer to complete the recall.

Article VII: Operation of the Council
1. The Executive Committee of the Council shall be composed of the five elected officers, plus the (non-voting) immediate past president. The Executive Committee shall set the agenda for meetings, manage the budget and conduct the affairs of the organization.
2. The President in consultation with the Executive Committee, shall appoint such additional committees and their chairs as needed to conduct the affairs of the organization.
3. The Council shall hold two (2) meetings annually one in the fall and one in the spring.
4. Additional meetings may be called by the Executive Committee, or by written petition from the majority of the membership to the Executive Committee.
5. A quorum shall exist when a majority of the campuses are represented at a meeting.

Article VIII Fiscal Affairs
1. Changes in the amount of the annual dues shall be proposed by the Executive Committee and voted on by the Council at the fall or spring meeting. The annual dues for the Council shall be by campus. Dues shall be collected by the Secretary/Treasurer.
2. A registration fee for each meeting may be required of each Council member attending the meeting.

Article IX: Amendments to the Constitution
1. Amendments to this Constitution may be proposed at any meeting or by written petition to the Executive Committee by at least 25% of the membership.
2. An amendment to the Constitution shall be adopted when two thirds (2/3) of the membership of the Council vote in favor of it.
3. Voting will be by mail, the schedule and procedures of which shall be determined by the Executive Committee.

Article X: Representation from the Chancellor's Office and the Academic Senate of the CSU
The World Languages Council may invite to Council meetings, the Chancellor of the CSU and the Chairman of the Academic Senate of the CSU, or their designated representatives, to serve as ex-officio, non-voting members.
This Constitution was ratified by the voting membership of the World Languages Council at its April 24, 1987 meeting in Los Angeles, California
It was amended on October 23, 1998.
It was amended on October 23, 2015.




October 3, 2008

WHEREAS all freshmen must have completed at least two years of high school foreign language study or its equivalent to enter the CSU; and

WHEREAS transfer students may not have met the minimum freshman requirements and are therefore disadvantaged; and

WHEREAS two years of high school foreign language study is generally considered to be the equivalent of one year of college work; and

WHEREAS the notion of "value added" by the Bachelors degree assumes that students build on previously acquired skills; and

WHEREAS the Access to Excellence statement of the CSU includes as an indicator of excellence  "an increase from entry to graduation in the extent to which CSU students gain and improve global understanding and foreign language skills so they  can compete in the global economy and participate  in a global society;”

Therefore, be it

RESOLVED that the Foreign Language Council urge the Chancellor's Office to require that all students earning a Bachelors degree from the CSU have coursework in a foreign language that exceeds the freshman entrance requirement so that they may truly have a "value added" experience;

And be it further resolved that this resolution be distributed to the Provosts in all twenty-three universities in the CSU system.




October 3, 2008

WHEREAS we, The California State University Foreign Language Council, believe that contact hours correlate with language acquisition and the amount of material one can cover in a semester, and

WHEREAS articulation agreements between California Community Colleges and the CSU system (Lower Division Transfer Pattern (LDTP)) require that transfer language classes meet minimum requirements of 4 semester units per course, and

WHEREAS the CSU Academic Senate has passed a resolution to assist with articulation between CSU campuses that utilizes LDTP course descriptors for CSU to CSU transfers and these protocols call for second-year Spanish courses to be a minimum of 4 units each, (

WHEREAS we believe intra-CSU transfer students should not have to repeat a lower division language course taken at another CSU before advancing to upper division courses at a different campus, and

WHEREAS we believe that study abroad in universities and colleges is an extremely valuable experience for our students and generally assumes a certain number of units of coursework in the target language, and

WHEREAS most commercially published textbooks assume 4 or 5 hours a week of contact time for a full year to complete a course,

Therefore, be it

RESOLVED that The California State University Foreign Language Council recommend that first-year language courses meet a minimum of four hours per week. This recommendation will not necessarily apply to heritage speaker classes and conversation classes.




April 16, 2004

WHEREAS, the California State University is dedicated to the serving the needs of the community and its diverse populations, and

WHEREAS, the population of California, with its ties to communities and countries throughout the world, is in a key position to foster cultural understanding and political and economic connections, and

WHEREAS, linguistic diversity is a key element in understanding the many cultures in California and the world, and

WHEREAS, the diversity of language offerings is threatened in many of our schools and universities, and an October 2003 report by the National Association of State Boards of Education warns that foreign language programs risk becoming a "lost curriculum," and

WHEREAS, the current situation in the world exemplifies the danger that arises when cultures are unable to communicate with and understand each other, and

WHEREAS, it is not always easy to predict which languages will be economically or geopolitically important to our nation in the future, and

WHEREAS, developing proficiency in the language and culture of a country requires many years of study,

Therefore, be it

RESOLVED that The California State University Foreign Language Council declare the diversity of language offerings in university departments to be a crucial aspect of the mission of the California State University, and be it further

RESOLVED that the Council enjoin its member departments to maintain diversity of language offerings with financial and programmatic support, and be it further

RESOLVED that the Council vehemently oppose any attempt to eliminate programs on the basis of temporary budgetary problems, misconceptions about the nature of linguistic and cultural study in our departments, or unwillingness to support the necessary diversity of our programs, and be it further

RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be sent to Charles Reed, Chancellor of the California State University, as well as the Academic Vice Presidents and Deans of the appropriate colleges at all twenty-three California State University campuses.



April 16, 2004

The current budget crisis in the state of California has been used on some campuses as a justification for raising course enrollment limits in various disciplines. The CSU Foreign Language Council, mindful of the Supplemental Budget Language that directs campuses to spare instruction wherever possible, strongly opposes any outside pressure on departments to raise enrollments.

Modern language pedagogy stresses the communicative approach, wherein students spend the vast majority of classtime conversing on topics relevant to their interests and skill levels. The linguistic elements and cultural input that form the basis of this communication are thus practiced and internalized under the supervision and with the guidance and corrections of the instructor.

Students in communicative language classes often work in pairs or groups, which makes the instructor's interaction with individual students even more crucial. The instructor's responsibilities in this mode of instruction include correct modeling of the linguistic elements being practiced as well as individual and group correction. Furthermore, instructors must work with students to develop critical thinking skills necessary to interpret cultural values and institutions. An excessive number of students in the class seriously diminishes each student's learning experience.

The longstanding benchmark enrollments for our courses reflect sound pedagogical practices that produce the desired learning outcomes. These benchmarks cannot be set aside without proper consultation, and must be modified only with the input of the faculty who best know their own discipline and the pedagogical expectations to which they are held.

Although we acknowledge the difficult budgetary situation, the need for cost-cutting cannot be allowed to undermine the quality of instruction. Increasing course enrollments in language courses is not merely an additional burden for the teacher; far more importantly, it prevents the students from experiencing sufficient meaningful practice in the language and results in a dangerous shift in the nature of the learning experience.



CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY-FRESNO invites applications for the position of ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF SPANISH.  The Department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures seeks applicants for a tenure-track, academic year position as an Assistant Professor of Spanish—Specialist in Translation and Interpreting. The successful candidate will be expected to teach lower/upper-division and graduate courses in Translation and Interpreting. All courses will be taught in Spanish. Courses may also include Practical Spanish for Professions, Spanish in Bilingual Schools, Advanced Conversation, Advanced Composition, Advanced Grammar, and Spanish Syntax. The candidate will also be expected to develop and enhance appropriate curricular offerings, lead the development of a certificate program in Translation and Interpreting for the legal and medical fields, supervise and assist student research, and maintain a productive research agenda, including peer-reviewed publications, presentations, and other professional activities. Other faculty responsibilities include: serving on department, college, and university committees, engaging in community service and outreach, advising students, and interacting with faculty and students in related fields. Outcomes assessment and service learning are important components of the university curriculum. The successful candidate will be expected to work cooperatively with faculty and staff in the program, department, college, and university. To ensure review of your application, apply by November 14, 2016; position will remain open until filled. To apply, applicants must complete an online application at

THE CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY SAN MARCOS invites job applications for an appointment as Assistant Professor in Translation Studies in Spanish or related area such as Spanish Applied Linguistics with experience teaching Translation Theory and/or Interpretation.The successful candidate may be ABD during the screening process, but would need to have the Ph.D. in hand by the time of appointment.  CSUSM is located thirty miles north of San Diego. It is fully accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, and is the 20th campus established in the 23-campus CSU system. The Modern Language Studies Department is housed in the College of Humanities, Arts, Behavioral and Social Sciences (CHABSS).  The university is particularly interested in candidates who have experience working with students from diverse backgrounds and a demonstrated commitment to improving access to higher education for under-represented groups.  CSUSM has been designated as a Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI) and an Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institution (AANAPISI) and was recently named one of the top 32 Colleges most friendly to junior faculty by the Collaborative on Academic Careers in Higher Education. Visit www.csusm/facultyopportunities  for more information.  California State University San Marcos, an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer, is strongly committed to equity and diversity and seeks a broad spectrum of candidates in terms of race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, gender expression, age, disability and veteran status.  See also: or .

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY-NORTHRIDGE. California State University Northridge is seeking applicants for an anticipated part-time faculty opening in Hispanic Linguistics in the Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures (MCLL) Department for Academic Year 2017-2018.  Minimum qualifications are:  1) Ph.D. or A.B.D in Hispanic Linguistics or academic equivalent;  2) Ability to teach Hispanic Linguistics; 3) Recognized effectiveness in teaching Spanish as a foreign language; 4) Recent experience; 5) Good knowledge of current trends in Hispanic Linguistics and in foreign language methodology; 6) Demonstrated ability and commitment to working with a diverse student population.  Applicants should forward a current resume and a letter which designates specific courses or areas they are interested in teaching and, whenever possible, times available for teaching assignments.  The resume should include educational background, prior teaching experience, evidence of scholarship, and/or related professional experience.  Applicants also need to forward three letters of recommendation (on official letterhead and not more than three years old), transcripts, and a sample of academic writing/research demonstrating competence in both the subject language/culture and English (not more than 25 pages total).  Inquiries and applications should be emailed to or mailed to Leslie Yamashita, Part Time Search and Screen Coordinator, Department of MCLL, California State University Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, California 91330-8247. The deadline for submitting materials is April 28, 2017 at 5:00p.m.  For more complete information on each position, please refer to the Announcements of Anticipated Part-Time Faculty Openings at the following link: and click on the Job Opportunities link.


Teach Spanish language courses as needed at all levels, including lower division language and culture courses, and upper division courses in composition, culture, linguistics or literature. M.A. required in Spanish, or in a related discipline, with college level teaching experience.  ABD or PhD preferred (required for upper division classes).  Native or near native fluency in spoken and written Spanish. Selected candidates will be asked to appear on campus for an in-person interview.
To apply for this position, go to and select Job Opportunities. If you encounter difficulties during the application process, please email Submit an application letter, a curriculum vitae, and contact Information for 3 ReferencesOfficial transcripts are required at the time of hire. Deadline to apply is November 14, 2016.







Compiled by:  Patricia Miller, Director-
Barbara Ann Ward Language Center, CSU-Northridge
Spring 2007, from a variety of sources

Understanding access limitations

20% of the American population has a disability (the elderly included), that is approximately 55 million individuals.

Popular Resource

  • Video: Keeping Web Accessibility in Mind
  • Video: Experiences of Students with Disabilities


ADA Section 508 - Basic timeline and overview

  • Added by Congress to Title V of the Rehabilitation Act in 1986
  • Local, State & Federal Agencies that procure, maintain and/or use Electronic and Information Technology (EIT) must provide equal access for all persons with disabilities
  • 1996 Department of Justice ruling makes it clear that ADA accessibility requirements apply to Internet resources.  (
  • Accessibility is a universal issue that involves all disciplines
  • Academic freedom VS statutory requirement

The major categories of disability types are:

  • Visual ~ Blindness, low vision, color-blindness
  •  Hearing ~ Deafness
  •  Motor ~ Inability to use a mouse, slow response time, limited fine motor control
  •  Cognitive ~ Learning disabilities, distractibility, and inability to remember or focus on large amounts of information

Common WWW Access Hazards

  • Cannot see graphics because of visual impairments
  • Cannot hear audio because of hearing impairments
  • Slow Internet connections and modems will not allow for easy download of large files
  • Poorly constructed/organized sites with unclear directions make navigation precarious for ESL individuals and for those with learning disabilities.

Access Mindful Hardware and Software

  • Information delivery is dependant on appropriate Assistive Technology: ¨Screen Readers & Magnification Devices:
  • ¨Close captioning & Video Description = Software that allow to create captioning and decoding for the hearing impaired
  • ¨Adaptive keyboards or keyboards overlay= ¨Alternative Augmentative Communications devices with programmed menus that allow non-verbal individuals to ‘speak’ aloud by pressing buttons.

General Types of Assistive Technology (Computer Input and Output Devices) that may be used by an individual accessing the web

1.            Text to Speech (Output)  Microsoft
2.            Screen Readers Software (Output) IBM homepage
3.            Screen Enlargers (Output)
4.            Speech Synthesizers (Output)
5.            Voice Activated Control - Speech to Text (Input)
6.            Physical Input Devices: trackballs, mouth sticks, head wands, pencil grips and keyboards (Input)

Accessibility verification tools and support

  • WebAim– AIS Toolbar = Free software for checking web site accessibility: document structure, colors, HTML, CSS, links, images. You can obtain the Download from the Site of Web Accessibility Tools
  • HiSoftware – AccVerify/Repair = AccVerify is a software product from HiSoftware ( which is used to validate web pages for compliance with web accessibility guidelines such as Section 508c, or the W3C. AccVerify will review your web pages and generate reports which indicate where you have accessibility problems.  It also uses an Interviewer to assist you in making many of the visual checks required of your web pages.  A history can be kept of your accessibility reports so you can compare your current web page’s errors to those in the past. NOTE: A basic guide to using AccVerify/Repair software can be found at:
  • Color Contract/Color blindness check (Web Accessibility Tools Consortium): The Color Contrast Analyzer (CCA) is useful to help determine, in particular, the legibility of text on a web page and the legibility of image based representations of text. Assessing conformance with Checkpoint 2.2 of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines and checkpoint1.0 of the WCAG requires that"foreground and background color combinations provide sufficient contrast when viewed by someone having color deficits, or when viewed on a black and white screen." Use the CCA to test color combinations against the W3C's suggested algorithms for determining "sufficient contrast"

[Added subsequent to the information above, courtesy of CLTA:]

"A World Awaits You: A Journal of Success in International Exchange for People with Disabilities" features Accessing Foreign Languages as its November 2007 Issue  November 6, 2007- While U.S. high school students with disabilities increasingly enroll in foreign language courses, they still lag behind their non-disabled peers. In the seventh online issue of A World Awaits You (AWAY), published by Mobility International USA and the National Clearinghouse on Disability and Exchange, foreign language educators, English language instructors, disability providers and students with disabilities share their strategies of success in the foreign language classroom. This web-based, cross-disability journal describes successful experiences, lessons learned, and frequently asked questions such as:  What teaching strategies or classroom accommodations benefit students with learning, cognitive, hearing or vision disabilities? How can I use adaptive technology in learning a foreign language at home and abroad? What do I need to know about sign interpreting in a foreign language class? Why is it beneficial to learn a foreign language overseas and how do I manage once there? Are there opportunities for me to teach my native language overseas?  

To read this AWAY issue, go to:  For more information on how people with disabilities can participate in all types of international exchange programs, contact:  National Clearinghouse on Disability and Exchange Tel/TTY: (541) 343-1284 Fax:  (541) 343-6812 Email: Web: <>   The National Clearinghouse on Disability and Exchange is sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the U.S. Department of State and administered by Mobility International USA.




CSU-WLC Fall Meeting dates are determined on a year-by-year basis.
Fall 2016: California State University-Dominguez Hills




Page last updated September 20, 2016.