English 200 - California Cultural Analysis Spring 2002 Guidelines For Writing A California Cultural Analysis Research Paper, Preparing an Informative Poster, or Designing a Web Page
	An essential part of any study is the communication of findings to others who may be interested in your subject.  
The preparation of a cultural analysis research paper is regarded as an important part of your education and experience in this course.  
By expressing yourself in writing, you will also better understand your topic of research.


In the preparation of the paper for this course, please follow the following format:
AUTHOR (you)

ABSTRACT:  This gives a one or two paragraph review of the paper without any citations from literature, 
books, journal articles or any other source of information that you use.

INTRODUCTION:  This brief section answers why the research was of interest to you, and the most significant findings of your research.  
This part DOES include citations from the literature.

DISCUSSION:  Present the information you have gained from your research, using the following method for literature citations.  
[Please note that you must have literature citations.]

For example, this is how you might cite an author's ideas in the body of your paper:
"According to Pinchot (1947) breaking new ground for railroads led to degradation of the western states." OR "Railroads led to degradation of the western landscape (Pinchot 1947), and thus are responsible for opening the land...," Citation by date has the advantage of emphasizing both the author and the publication date of the reference. It is both a convenient way of documenting the information and of conveying it to your readers. LITERATURE CITED: Under this heading, all the references you referred to and that were also cited in your text are listed alphabetically by author. This is NOT a bibliography. Each citation must be complete, consisting of author, year of publication, title of article or book, journal, volume, and pages according to the following examples: Citation of Journal Articles (e.g. Newspapers, Magazines, Proceedings of Literary or Historical Societies): Shallat, Todd A. 1979. Fresno's Water Rivalry: Competition for a Scarce Resource, 1887-1977, Essays in Public Works History. Chicago: Public Works Historical Society. Watson, Elizabeth L. 1910. Susan B. Anthony. Santa Clara, California: Easter Edition, The Santa Clara News. Laffey, Glory A. and Robert G. Detlefs. 1997. Pioneers in Politics. Cupertino, California: The Californian (Magazine). Citation of one article from an Edited Book: Dasmann, R.F. 1998. The Rangelands, p.194-199. In C. Merchant (ed.) Green Versus Gold, Island Press, Washington, D.C. Citation of Books with one Author: Merchant, Carolyn. 1998. Green Versus Gold. Island Press, Washington, D.C. Pinchot, Gifford. 1947. Breaking New Ground. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York. Citation of Books with More Than One Author: Leopold, Starker and Tupper Ansel Blake. 1985. Wild California: Vanishing Lands, Vanishing Wildlife. Univ. of Calif. Press, Berkeley. Jensen, Deborah B., Margaret S. Torn, and John Harte. 1993. In Our Own Hands: A Strategy for Conserving California's Biological Diversity. Univ. of Calif. Press, Berkeley.
10 minute Class Presentations will be scheduled toward the end of the semester.
Prepare an outline of your California Cultural Analysis topic based on your review of the literature.

Use both journals and books for your research, as well as any other sources that appear to be valuable to your understanding, 
such as Internet resources or personal visits to historic sites. 
An Outline Proposal for Your Class Presentation and Paper is Due on Thursday, April 18